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Bottled Water and RO

(Reverse osmosis)


     The Food and Drug Administration sets bottled water standards based on EPA's tap water standards. Bottled water and tap water are both safe to drink if they meet these standards, although people with severely compromised immune systems and children may have special needs. Some bottled water is treated more than tap water, while some is treated less or not treated at all. Bottled water costs much more than tap water on a per gallon basis. Bottled water is valuable in emergency situations (such as floods and earthquakes), and high quality bottled water may be a desirable option for people with weakened immune systems. Consumers who choose to purchase bottled water should carefully read its label to understand what they are buying, whether it is a better taste, or a certain method of treatment.

     Bottled water is rapidly becoming the choice for drinking water.  It has practically become the icon for healthy beverages.  There are approximately 475 bottled water plants in the U.S., producing 600 brands of bottled water.  It is estimated that one in six American households use bottled water as either the primary or only source of water.  In California alone, residents consume over 33% of the bottled water that is sold.

The Natural Resource Defense Council (NRDC) conducted a four-year review of the bottled water industry and the safety standards that govern it, including a comparison of national bottled water rules with national tap water rules, and independent testing of over 1,000 bottles of water. The conclusion is that there is no assurance that just because water comes out of a bottle it is any cleaner or safer than water from the tap. And in fact, an estimated 25 percent or more of bottled water is really just tap water in a bottle -- sometimes further treated, sometimes not.

     Most bottled water appears to be safe. Of the bottles tested by the NRDC, the majority proved to be high quality and relatively free of contaminants. The quality of some brands was spotty, however, and such products may pose a health risk, primarily for people with weakened immune systems (such as the frail elderly, some infants, transplant and cancer patients, or people with HIV/AIDS). About 22 percent of the brands tested by the NRDC contained, in at least one sample, chemical contaminants at levels above strict state health limits. If consumed over a long period of time, some of these contaminants could cause cancer or other health problems.

Mineral Water

is drawn from an underground source and contains at least 250 ppm of dissolved salts.  Whichever minerals are present are what make mineral water what it is.  Some minerals that may appear in mineral water include calcium, iron, and sodium.

Still Water

Still water is water without the "fizz" caused by gas bubbles.  Ordinary tap water and bottled water in larger containers are examples of still water.

Sparkling Water

is water which is carbonated (contains CO2, producing the "fizz").  It can either be naturally carbonated or mechanically carbonated in a process where CO2 is added to normal tap water.

Seltzer Water

is tap water that has been filtered and carbonated.  Club soda is seltzer water with added mineral salts.

Sterilized Water

is used to make baby formula and is also drunk by people with immuno-compromised systems.  It must be processed to meet FDA’s requirements for commercial sterility.

Distilled or De-Mineralized

is usually tap water that has been treated to remove nearly all minerals and sodium that occur naturally in water.

Purified Water

   Purified or reverse osmosis water is free of dissolved minerals and, because of this, has the special property of being able to actively absorb toxic substances from the body and eliminate them. Studies validate the benefits of drinking purified water when one is seeking to cleanse or detoxify the system for short periods of time (a few weeks at a time). Fasting using purified water can be dangerous because of the rapid loss of electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride) and trace minerals like magnesium, deficiencies of which can cause heart beat irregularities and high blood pressure. Cooking foods in purified water pulls the minerals out of them and lowers their nutrient value.

     According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Purified" water, being essentially mineral-free, is very aggressive, in that it tends to dissolve substances with which it is in contact. Notably, carbon dioxide from the air is rapidly absorbed, making the water acidic and even more aggressive. The more purified water a person drinks, the higher the body acidity becomes.


Treating reverse osmosis water with Roxtract Ionized Mineral Solution will replace the valuable minerals that the process of reverse osmosis removes!

Did you know that reverse osmosis wastes 2 to 3 gallons of water for every gallon it produces wasting one of earth's most valuable natural resources!

Did you know that Reverse Osmosis was originally developed to desalinate sea water and for use in photo and print shops.

The process of reverse osmosis was not originally intended to be used as drinking water!

Reverse osmosis refers to a process of water purification that was developed primarily for the desalination of seawater and to be used for photo and print shops!

    To understand reverse osmosis, it is first necessary to understand osmosis. Osmosis is the term for the phenomenon whereby if a semi-permeable membrane separates two salt solutions of different concentration, water will migrate from the weaker solution through the membrane to the stronger solution, until the solutions are of the same salt concentration. Reverse osmosis subverts this process. It involves applying pressure to reverse the natural flow of water, forcing the water to move from the more concentrated solution to the weaker. The semi-permeable membrane is porous, allowing water to pass through, but blocking the passage of the bulkier salt molecules.
      The semi-permeable membranes for reverse osmosis treatment are generally constructed from polyamide-based materials. These materials are resistant to biological degradations, but are subject to chemical attacks from chlorine.
      Reverse osmosis has been used as a method of purification for ground and surface fresh water, in addition to its role as a desalinating agent. Working with such water sources creates some problems for the reverse osmosis system. Because of the very small pore sizes involved in the membrane, it is vital that ground and surface water is adequately pre-treated prior to the reverse osmosis process. Depending upon the hardness of the water involved, scaling of the membrane is likely to occur. If the concentration of the calcium or magnesium in the water (the chemicals that determine water’s hardness) is at a high enough level where the chemicals are insoluble, it will create a hard mineral on the inside of the membrane, rendering it useless.